Alboin

(d. 572)
   According to Paul the Deacon, Alboin was the tenth of the Lombard kings (r. 560/561-574) and the first to rule in Italy. A successful warrior, who defeated a number of rival peoples, including the Gepids, he was also a successful diplomat and enjoyed good relations with the Franks, even marrying a daughter of one of the Merovingian kings. Alboin also enjoyed fairly good relations with the bishops of Italy, even though he and his people were pagans and Arians and the bishops and people of Italy Catholic. Although neither he nor his successors ruled a united Italy, Alboin laid the foundation for an important kingdom in Italy, which survived until it was absorbed by Charlemagne in 774.
   Alboin, according to Paul the Deacon, was "a man fitted for wars and energehz in all things" (49). And he spent much of his career after succeeding his father Audoin in 560/561 in waging wars. Alboin ascended the throne in traditional Lombard fashion - by election. As proved to be the case throughout Lombard history, Alboin was elected by his people, who usually chose the heir of the former king. He had distinguished himself already during the reign of his father, when he led the Lombards in battle against the Gepids and, according to tradition, killed the Gepid king. Three years after the battle, in 555, Alboin was rewarded with marriage to the daughter of the Merovingian king Chlotar I (r. 511-561), and he maintained good relations with the Franks ever after.
   Upon succeeding his father, Alboin led the Lombards against the Gepids and into Italy. His struggles with the Gepids were not always successful, and in 565 he lost a battle against them. Two years later, after forging an alliance with the Avars, Alboin destroyed the Gepids. In the battle, Alboin killed the king and made a drinking cup of his skull, and also seized and married the king's daughter, Rosamund. In 568, according to tradition, Alboin accepted an invitation from the general Narses, who felt slighted by the emperor Justin II, to invade Italy. In thanks for their help, Alboin arranged a treaty with the Avars that gave them control of the old Lombard homeland.
   See also
   Bibliography
 ♦ Paul the Deacon. History of the Lombards. Trans. William Dudley Foulke. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1974.
 ♦ Christie, Neil. The Lombards: The Ancient Langobards. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998.
 ♦ Llewellyn, Peter. Rome in the Dark Ages. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1993.
 ♦ Wolfram, Herwig. The Roman Empire and Its Germanic Peoples. Trans. Thomas J. Dunlap. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe. 2014.

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  • Alboin — or Alboïn (died 572 or 573) was king of the Lombards, and conqueror of Italy. He succeeded his father Audoin about 565. Cognates to these rather alien looking names in Old English are Ælfwine (meaning Elf friend ) and Eadwine ( Wealth friend ).… …   Wikipedia

  • Alboin — (* vor 526; † 28. Juni 572 oder 573 in Verona) entstammte wie sein Vorgänger Audoin der Familie der Gausen. Alboin war ein König der Langobarden und der Gründer des Langobardenreichs in Italien. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Rezeption …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alboin — Alboïn Les conquêtes lombardes en Italie sous le règne du roi Alboïn. Alboïn (Alboino en italien; Alboinus en latin) fut un roi lombard du milieu du VIe siècle qui conduisit son peuple en Italie en 568, jetant les bases du roy …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alboin — Alboin, Sohn Audoins, folgte seinem Vater 561 als König der Longobarden in Pannonien, führte mit den Ostgothen u. Gepiden glückliche Kriege, brach 568 mit Gepiden u. Sachsen in Italien ein, welches er eroberte u. das Longobardische Reich dort… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alboīn — Alboīn, König der Langobarden, entschied 551 eine mörderische Schlacht gegen die Gepiden zugunsten der Langobarden, heiratete um 555 Chlotosuintha, Tochter des Frankenkönigs Chlotar, folgte 561 seinem Vater Audoin, schloß 565 ein Bündnis mit den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alboin — Albŏin, König der Langobarden, folgte 561 seinem Vater Audoin auf dem Throne in Pannonien, besiegte die Gepiden und eroberte 568 Italien bis zum Tiber; auf Anstiften seiner Gemahlin Rosamunde, Tochter des von ihm erschlagenen Gepidenkönigs… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alboin — Alboin, Sohn Audoins, König der Longobarden 561–574, besiegte die Gepiden, erschlug ihren König Kunimund und heirathete dessen Tochter Rosamunde. 568 brach er aus Pannonien und Noricum gegen Italien auf und eroberte die nördl. Hälfte, Pavia nach… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Alboin — [al′boin΄, al′bō in΄] died A.D. 572; king of the Lombards (565? 572): conqueror of N Italy …   English World dictionary

  • Alboïn — Les conquêtes lombardes en Italie sous le règne du roi Alboïn. Alboïn (italien : Alboino ; latin : Alboinus ; du germanique Alfwin/Elfwin, Elfe ami ) fut un roi lombard du milieu du VIe siècle qui conduisit son peuple en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alboin — /al boyn, boh in/, n. died A.D. 573?, king of the Langobards 561? 573? * * * ▪ king of Lombardy died June 28, 572 or 573, Verona, Lombardy [Italy]       king of the Germanic Lombards (Lombard) whose exceptional military and political skills… …   Universalium

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